What is transgenics?
Transgenics refers to the movement of genes between organisms of different species.
The transferred gene is called a transgene. Transgenes can alter the phenotype of the receiver.
A transgene can be used by the cell to produce a new protein that the cell could not make before.
There are two important types of transgenics to be aware of:
- Natural transgenics: Bacteria are capable of transferring genetic material between individuals without reproducing. This is called conjugation.
- Human uses of transgenics: Scientists are able to create transgenic bacteria, flies and mice! This is called genetic engineering.