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Effectiveness of bacterial conjugation

All three types of horizontal gene transfer increase genetic variation through a population. Conjugation is the most effective type of transfer for this purpose.

This is because transduction and transformation involve the transfer of random sections of the bacterial genome.

Conjugation only involves the transfer of genes that tend to be highly advantageous for the organism receiving them.

Plasmids like these can be transferred through bacterial conjugation to spread advantageous genes.
Plasmids like these can be transferred through bacterial conjugation to spread advantageous genes.