Bacterial structure: adaptive features
In order to survive, bacteria have evolved a wide variety of structural adaptions.
These are sometimes called adaptive features because they are not universal to bacteria. Some common examples are listed below:
- Granules are storage polymers made up of sugars and lipids which can be used as cellular energy stores.
- Photosynthetic membranes are able to harness light energy in order to produce carbon compounds.
- Plasmids are small circular sections of DNA that lie outside the chromosome.
Typical Gram-positive bacterial cell