Supercharge your learning!

Use adaptive quiz-based learning to study this topic faster and more effectively.

Bacterial structure: adaptive features

In order to survive, bacteria have evolved a wide variety of structural adaptions.

These are sometimes called adaptive features because they are not universal to bacteria. Some common examples are listed below:

  • Granules are storage polymers made up of sugars and lipids which can be used as cellular energy stores.
  • Photosynthetic membranes are able to harness light energy in order to produce carbon compounds.
  • Plasmids are small circular sections of DNA that lie outside the chromosome.
Typical Gram-positive bacterial cell
Typical Gram-positive bacterial cell