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HIV mutation

HIV has a high mutation rate.

This poses a problem to the body for several reasons:

It makes it very difficult for our body to recognise the HIV antigens (type of glycoprotein) on the cell surface; they change shape regularly making the body unable to build immunity.

The high mutation rate makes it easy for the virus to evolve immunity to drugs.

These HIV retroviruses are seen under a scanning electron microscope. Their high mutation rate means the search for treatments and cures is highly complex.
These HIV retroviruses are seen under a scanning electron microscope. Their high mutation rate means the search for treatments and cures is highly complex.